Batteries, Vol. 7, Pages 80: The Emerging Electric Vehicle and Battery Industry within Indonesia: Actions around the particular Nickel Ore Export Bar and a SWOT Analysis
Batteries doi: 10. 3390/batteries7040080
Authors: Andante Hadi Pandyaswargo Alan Dwi Wibowo Meilinda Fitriani Nur Maghfiroh Arlavinda Rezqita Hiroshi Onoda
As the automotive business shifts from internal burning engine (ICE) vehicles in order to electric vehicles (EVs), several countries are setting brand new strategies in their transportation sector. The Li-ion electric battery is currently the most common battery pack used in EVs due to its high energy density, longevity, safety, and cost competition. Nickel is predicted to be an essential component pertaining to the lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide (NMC) since a cathode material of choice for EV applications. Indonesia, one of the world& amp; rsquo; s biggest nickel ore suppliers, place an export ban on nickel ore effective through 2020. The bold motion was intended to initiate the domestic EV industry and encourage investors abroad in order to drive their manufacturing routines into the country. On the other hand, the global Li-ion electric battery manufacturers who imported dime from Indonesia had in order to restrategize their businesses. This review discussed the chronological events leading to the prohibit and after the prohibit from the media, government regulations, and literature reviews. The authors of this study also conducted interviews and attended seminars with the national experts plus key players in the battery and EV industry to gain their the majority of pertinent insights. The SWOT analysis of the reviewed materials indicated that whilst the Indonesian battery sector is still new, this needs to diversify the research and development activities and collaborate internationally in order to optimize the use of its resources and satisfy the purchasing power of the domestic EV market. Finally, this particular study summarized six crucial factors to support Indonesia& amp; rsquo; s dream to be a new regional center for EVs. These elements are: (1) pricing, (2) technology, (3) policy, (4) investment, (5) infrastructure, and (6) compliance with durability standards.